Mughal Gardens – The Mughals created garden areas throughout South Asia all throughout the 17th and the 18th century. They were not just orchards and meadows but meticulously thought-out plans that arranged natural elements into a geometrically precise arrangement.
These gardens brought a grand feeling of elegance and elegance “curb attraction” in the design in The Mughal regime.
The gardens of The Taj Mahal in Agra and Humayun’s Tomb in New Delhi are among the most notable Mughal gardens. The Mughal garden design is directly inspired by the Persian Charbagh style of architecture.
The idea of heaven as an oasis has been in use since the beginning of time. The first known reference to a garden from the beginning appeared in early Sumerian texts.
The term “paradise” is rooted from the Old Persian word pairidaeza, that refers to an enclosure with walls which contains an area of garden or park. The word, or variants of it also appear on the pages of Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek.
The Garden of Eden
The Garden of Eden, described in the Book of Genesis, is considered to be God’s vision of perfection. It is also believed to be it is the most close thing that heaven can be to earth. It may have introduced the significance in the importance of garden as a part of Abrahamic religions.
The Quran illustrated the concept that paradise is a flower garden, with numerous references to jannat al firdaus, also known as the paradise gardens. This means that the Quran refers to the heavens as an allegory landscape in which the righteous are able to live for the rest of their lives.
Mughal Gardens served various functions including their role as airy quadrangles within lavish complexes, a relaxing retreat and as a location for hunting excursions. The gardens also served as official stopping areas and the park was reserved exclusively for women (Zenan Khana) and was equipped with other facilitieslike Hammams.
They are usually designed with a highly controlled geometry and are typically of the following kinds:
The majority of gardens are rectilinear with four sections that are connected by water and pathways often referred to by The Charbagh concept. Before the reign that was imposed by Shah Jahan, the usual design of a garden was to create the main structure located in the center, with the enclosure of a gate (sometimes even multiple gates)) as well as other structures such as pavilions set into walls.
In Shah Jahan’s time, the emphasis was put on the gardens and the structure was constructed on one side of the property instead of in the middle. Taj Mahal Taj Mahal stands as a excellent example of this idea and is built at the end of a platform, which overlooks the river. The riverfront gardens were an integral part of the reign of Shah Jahan.